Lanny Bates
Gail Benefield
Bob Crowley
Bill Gunther
Joseph Herndon
Alexander Merola

McCallum-Turner personnel understand and embrace the key principles of customer orientation and service, high standards of professional and personal conduct, a strategic approach, effective project delivery, and a willingness to improve continuously. A fundamental expectation of all personnel is that their activities must promote the firm's core value of maintaining mutually beneficial long-term client working relationships founded on trust and respect.

McCallum-Turner has carefully targeted personnel to join and represent the organization and has applied these same standards to non-McCallum-Turner personnel who provide supplementary and/or complimentary skills when needed.

From a skill perspective, McCallum-Turner personnel have a broad range of managerial and engineering expertise that includes the following disciplines:

  • Strategic planning

  • Business planning and analysis

  • Performance management

  • Operations management

  • Organizational design

  • Career development and succession planning

  • Quality assurance

  • Regulatory analysis

  • Project planning and facility management

  • Nuclear and facility safety

  • Facility siting

  • Chemical safety

  • Environmental analysis and protection


Dr. Kyle Turner has more than 30 years' experience providing technical, business, and management consulting services to commercial industry and government. His management responsibilities have ranged in budget up to $16 million and 200 professional staff. He is a primary author for several industry nuclear power plant licensing guidance documents.

Dr. Turner has conducted numerous independent management reviews for regulatory, procedural, and Integrated Safety Management (ISM) compliance. His specialty is in management systems for work planning and control, including nuclear facilities safety authorization basis and conduct of operations. He has consulted on compliance for a wide variety of programs and activities which are governed by Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC) Regulations, the National Environmental Policy Act (NEPA), the Resource Conservation and Recovery Act (RCRA), the Comprehensive Environmental Response Compensation and Liability Act (CERCLA), the Clean Air Act (CAA), the Clean Water Act (CWA), and/or Department of Energy (DOE) Orders.

His background includes reactor and non-reactor nuclear facilities, coal and gas-fired power plants, transmission lines and pipelines, environmental restoration and waste management programs, measurement laboratories, and field data collection (e.g., drilling) programs. He has provided expert testimony regarding investigations conducted by him and under his direction.

Clients have included several of DOE's national laboratories, nuclear industry research organizations, electric utilities and nuclear operating companies, and commercial technical services providers.

Dr. Turner holds an active Department of Energy "Q" Clearance.


Mr. Robert McCallum has extensive experience in the process of evaluating organizational performance, examining management systems for performance management and planning and executing work, developing siting approaches, addressing environmental issues, and meeting Federal licensing requirements (including Early Site Permit requirements) for a variety of nuclear facilities. He has conducted numerous reviews of the effectiveness of organizations and specific functions and/or systems, developed recommendations for improving organizational performance, and has designed strategies for launching new organizations and organizational constructs.

Mr. McCallum has evaluated the effectiveness of work planning and control systems for both research and development activities and maintenance and operations functions, and has evaluated existing assessment processes and systems as mechanisms to improve organizational performance. He was also a major contributing author to EPRI's ESP Siting Guide, ESP Model Program Plan, and COL Model Program Plan.

Mr. McCallum supported the Nuclear Regulatory Commission in addressing contentions brought forth by an intervener group regarding the adequacy of technical and environmental documentation that was used in the licensing process for the Clinch River Breeder Reactor. Mr. McCallum has managed and provided support to several siting and environmental licensing projects, including a low-level waste siting and licensing project performed for the Illinois Department of Nuclear Safety, licensing of a high-level geologic repository including examining the trade-offs associated with the use of dual-purpose canisters, and siting of a proposed second high-level waste geologic repository in granitic formations.

Mr. McCallum holds an active Department of Energy "Q" Clearance.



Mr. Lanny Bates has over 40 years of executive level leadership in multiple Department of Energy contractor organizations, bridging project management, campus development, facility management, and operations. With a unique skill in developing and communicating project and organizational vision, Mr. Bates has a track record of leadership in challenging assignments reflecting change management, organizational growth and corporate restructuring, strategic planning, infrastructure planning, and leading and communicating unique growth and improvement projects.

Previously, Mr. Bates served for as the Director of Campus Development and the Associate Laboratory Director for Facilities and Operations at Brookhaven National Laboratory (BNL), where he led the Directorate responsible for the operations, protection and modernization of the Laboratory’s physical plant and infrastructure. Additionally, Mr. Bates served as the Director for the Facilities Development Division at Oak Ridge National Laboratory, responsible for planning and project delivery of a $300M modernization program. This Lab-changing modernization initiative created mission-enabling infrastructure that ultimately supported a doubling of the Lab’s business volume.

Mr. Bates has an extensive knowledge of facility management and development across the DOE Laboratory System. In addition to direct leadership at ORNL and BNL, Mr. Bates also served in operational oversight and governance roles at Idaho National Laboratory and the National Renewal Energy Laboratory. Mr. Bates has a Bachelor of Science in Nuclear Engineering from Mississippi State University.



Ms. Gail Benefield has over 30 years of experience encompassing all areas of applications software. Ms. Benefield has worked at several different Department of Energy (DOE) facilities, primarily in Oak Ridge, TN. Her experience includes designing, developing, and maintaining software applications, developing software development methodologies, analyzing software metrics as a Certified Function Point Specialist (CFPS), developing software quality assurance procedures, and reviewing and configuring security for software applications. She also has extensive experience working in a classified environment as a software project lead.

Ms. Benefield's experience over the last 20+ years was primarily focused on the administration, configuration, and management of SAP security at Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL). Ms. Benefield created and maintained over 200 SAP user roles, participated in multiple SAP upgrades, provided SAP security-related support to thousands of SAP users, and wrote and maintained the ORNL SAP Application Security Plan, based on the NIST 800-53 format for major software applications. In 2012, Ms. Benefield also assumed the responsibility of the Software Quality Assurance (SQA) Subject Matter Expert (SME) for ORNL. As part of her SQA SME responsibilities, Ms. Benefield developed and maintained ORNL SQA procedures, assisted ORNL staff in the implementation of the ORNL SQA program, participated in internal and external SQA audits, and developed and led SQA training for ORNL staff.



Since July of 2007, Mr. Bob Crowley has been an active Senior Associate with McCallum-Turner providing forensic engineering services in areas of event reviews, causal analysis, and accident and event mitigation management for several DOE National Laboratories. In April 2007, Mr. Robert Crowley completed 26 years of professional safety engineering practice for the Department of Energy Headquarters and field management as the Department's Accident Investigation Program Manager; he was awarded the Distinguished Career Service Award, by the Chief, Health, Safety and Security Officer for the Department of Energy.

While implementing his program manager responsibilities, Mr. Crowley planned, developed and evaluated the implementation of the Department's accident prevention program and maintained state-of-the-art awareness of techniques for Integrated Safety Management, Human Performance Improvement, causal analysis and accident investigation methodologies.

Mr. Crowley has been extensively involved in several Departmental investigation and evaluation initiatives including:

  • Leading development of program requirements and training initiatives for the Department’s Accident Investigation Program, chairing accident investigation boards, participating in over 40 DOE accident investigations and conducting numerous training classes in analytical methods and accident investigation.
  • Leading and conducting Integrated Safety Management evaluations at DOE field locations for the Office of Independent Oversight and the Assistant Secretary for Environment, Safety and Health.
  • Benchmarking Business Round Table membership to develop best management practice criteria for evaluating the effectiveness of DOE and contractor quality assurance and safety management programs for over 50 DOE construction projects.

Mr. Crowley is also a South Carolina Registered Professional Engineer, Department of Energy trained Accident Investigator and Board Chairman and NRC trained Incident Investigator.


Mr. Bill Gunther has over 30 years of experience at Brookhaven National Laboratory (BNL) conducting and managing scientific research programs. From April 2000 to 2015, Mr. Gunther managed the research operations and infrastructure renewal for the Life Sciences Directorate. In that capacity, he worked closely with the scientific staff in a collaborative role to achieve safe and productive research results. In 2014, he was named the Directorate's Chief Operating Officer (DCOO) responsible for research operations in the Environmental, Nuclear, and Biosciences Directorate. During his tenure at BNL, Mr. Gunther participated in many team assessments with the NRC in a variety of technical areas ranging from fire protection to maintenance and aging management. With the DOE, he supported the Defense Programs (DP) Office's evaluation of electrical system performance, configuration management, and conduct of operations, including a successful "mentoring program" at the Los Alamos National Laboratory to bring best practices to facility staff. During this time, he also provided technical support to the DOE on site assessments conducted at LLNL, Sandia, Pantex, and ORNL (Y-12). He served as the BNL Associate Director for Reactor, Safety and Security from September 1997 to March 1998. In this capacity, he reported to the Laboratory Director and had management responsibility for the Safety and Environmental Protection Program, BNL's two operating research reactors, and the Safeguards and Security Division. As chair of BNL's Nuclear Safety Committee and a member of BNL's Worker Safety Committee, he participated in many facility reviews of new and proposed changes to research and support facilities.

Since 2010, Mr. Gunther has conducted annual independent audits of the operations at the MIT Research Reactor (MITR) in accordance with their technical specifications. In this capacity he reviews unusual events, environmental and personnel radiation monitoring, licensed operator training and requalification, and emergency and security planning and identifies deviations and opportunities for improvement. In 2016, he assisted NIST's National Center for Neutron Research (NCNR) in developing an aging management program to help ensure the continued safe and reliable operation of that research reactor. He has also provided consultation to the Plum Island Animal Disease Center on how the principles of risk management could be effective in prioritizing operations at that facility.

Prior to joining BNL in 1984, Mr. Gunther worked at the Shoreham Nuclear Power Station as Instrumentation and Controls Supervisor and Operations Manager and was licensed by the U.S. NRC as a Senior Reactor Operator. He earned a B.S. and M.S. in Electrical Engineering from Northeastern University and an M.S. in Technological Systems Management from the State University of New York at Stony Brook in 2005.


Mr. Joseph Herndon has over 39 years of experience in research, management, operations, and oversight within the U.S. National Laboratory System.  This includes 26 years of increasing levels of research line management and operations at Oak Ridge National Laboratory.  Mr. Herndon has led research organizations with staffing levels of 50 to 400 professional and administrative staff, and budgets from $15M to over $200M per year.  Mr. Herndon has experience in all aspects of management, including strategic leadership, business planning, human resources, financial performance, and both nuclear and non-nuclear operations. Mr. Herndon led all aspects of operational safety, nuclear and radiological safety, environmental protection, and the quality program for ORNL while serving as Director of ESH&Q at ORNL.

Mr. Herndon has served in multiple national leadership positions for the Department of Energy.  These include the Robotics and Intelligent Machines Initiative across DOE, robotics implementation at the Chernobyl site, and for 5 years served as US remote handling task leader for the International Thermonuclear Experimental Reactor project.  As U.S. remote handling task leader, Mr. Herndon was privileged to work with numerous U.S. fusion program laboratories, including PPPL, LANL, SNL, and MIT, as well as fusion laboratories in the European Union and Japan.  Mr. Herndon has published over 50 conference papers, journal articles, reports, and book chapters on remote handling, robotics, and advanced remote systems for nuclear energy, space, and fusion energy applications.  Mr. Herndon has presented invited training sessions for the American Nuclear Society and the National Aeronautics and Space Administration.


Mr. Alexander (Sandy) Merola is a seasoned leader and consultant for large international and national scientific facilities, small scale research and development, and technical and administrative operations. Mr. Merola specializes in providing executive and senior management with intellectual products and services to implement and optimize mission support strategies, including planning, operations, facilities, human capital, personnel coaching, assurance models, and governance. With over 40 years of specialized experience in the fields of computer science, engineering, facilities, and operations, Mr. Merola is a proven and experienced strategist, successfully envisioning, proposing, and implementing large initiatives in the DOE. Mr. Merola has participated in a variety of nationwide activities, and is widely recognized for his leadership and strategic planning experience in the DOE complex.

From 2009 to 2012, Mr. Merola served as the Chief Operating Officer and Associate Lab Director of Operations for the SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory. During his tenure at SLAC, Mr. Merola was a key member of the executive team that totally reformed SLAC, bringing its ranking from the poorest to the best performing national DOE laboratory based on both science and operations. Additionally, Mr. Merola was the senior SLAC laboratory official responsible for intellectual leadership and execution of all aspects of computing, capital facilities and site maintenance, environmental health and safety, finance (including CFO), human resources, physical and cyber security, and external and internal communications.

Additionally, Mr. Merola supported the Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (LBNL) from 1973 to 2008, where he performed a variety of roles with increasing responsibility and oversight, including Deputy COO, Facilities Division Director, Information Technology Division Director, Deputy Associate Lab Director for Computing Sciences, and Deputy Division Head for Information and Computing Sciences, among others. Mr. Merola was the first CIO at LBNL and was a founding member of the DOE-wide CIO organization. During his tenure at LBNL, Mr. Merola was a key strategist for the development of a Mission Readiness approach for the creation and maintenance of DOE Laboratory infrastructure and was responsible for the vision and leadership of LBNL computing sciences, encompassing the Energy Sciences Network (ESnet), Lab-wide IT infrastructure and services, cyber security, scientific clusters, business applications, and general IT environment.

Mr. Merola holds a B.S. in Information Systems Management from California State University and is a veteran of the United States Air Force. He is a widely-published author of a number of articles regarding strategy and implementation of Information Technology in the Energy sector, and has received numerous DOE and LBNL awards.


Ms. Susan Smillie has more than 25 years of experience in environmental impact assessment, environmental compliance, planning, licensing and permitting support, power plant siting, regulatory and policy analysis, public involvement, and project management.

Her background includes power plant siting studies (fossil and nuclear) and NEPA compliance for coal and gas-fired power plants, transmission lines and pipelines (oil and natural gas), hydroelectric facilities, environmental restoration and waste management programs. Her technical areas of expertise are varied and include land use, water quality, transportation, noise, recreation, health and safety, ecology, socioeconomics, environmental justice, cultural resources, and cumulative impact assessment.

Ms. Smillie’s NEPA experience includes managing or providing lead technical support to:

  • More than 75 NEPA and related environmental documents for various Federal agencies, including the Departments of Energy, Defense, Agriculture (US Forest Service), Interior (Bureau of Land Management), and the US Environmental Protection Agency
  • The quality review of more than 200 NEPA documents for the Department of Energy for technical adequacy and NEPA compliance issues, including programmatic environmental impact statements (EISs), site-wide EISs, and project specific EISs and environmental assessments (EAs)
  • The development, design, and preparation of internal NEPA related guidance documents and training materials for DOE and EPA to assist NEPA practitioners throughout the US; the EPA guidance included specialty NEPA guidance to assist staff in their EIS review obligations under Section 309 of the Clean Air Act
  • The conduct of NEPA audits for the NRC and NASA’s Goodard Space Flight Center

Her recent professional practice includes active involvement in nuclear power plant site and environmental licensing under the present 10 CFR Part 52 ESP and COL initiatives, and recent and related industry guidance.

Her involvement in recent and ongoing industry Part 52 initiatives includes:

  • Conduct of site selection studies and senior technical reviews to support COL applications for the NuStart Energy consortium, Duke Energy, Entergy Nuclear, Exelon, Florida Power & Light, Progress Energy (nuclear and fossil plants), South Carolina Electric & Gas, and several confidential clients
  • Support in the development of comprehensive applicant ESP application functional guidance:  Siting Guide: Site Selection and Evaluation Criteria for an Early Site Permit Application, EPRI, Palo Alto, CA: 2002 1006878; and Early Site Permit Model Program Plan, EPRI, Palo Alto, CA: 2002 1006878; and New Plant Program Deployment Model, EPRI, Palo Alto, CA: 2008 1015113.


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